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COVID -19 and the Heart

COVID-19 and the Heart (Part 3)

Individuals with pre-existing heart disease Patients with pre-existing heart disease such as history of stents in the coronaries, history of bypass surgery, history of heart attack or stroke and history of congestive heart failure are at highest risk of dying from COVID-19. It is therefore imperative that those patients use utmost caution in wearing masks…

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COVID -19 and the Heart

COVID-19 and the Heart (Part 2)

Individuals with risk factors for heart disease Those patients with underlying risk factors for heart disease such as hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history of heart disease and smoking are at higher risk for complications with COVID-19 and at higher risk of dying from it. If you develop COVID-19 illness that is asymptomatic or mildly…

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COVID -19 and the Heart

COVID -19 and the Heart (Part 1)

How does COVID-19 affect the heart?  In answer to that question, we have to look at two different populations.  One group involves generally healthy individuals with no risk factors for heart disease and no pre-existing heart conditions and the other involves patients who are high risk individuals with underlying hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, smokers and…

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Testing for COVID-19

Testing for COVID-19 (nuclei acid test and antibody)

Testing for COVID-19. The Panther Fusion® SARS-CoV-2 Assay There are currently two types of tests available for COVID-19. It is important to know the difference and the value of each test.  The first test is to check for active infection. That is called a NAAT test (nucleic acid test).  If you have symptoms of COVID-19…

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Virginia Statistics on COVID-19

Virginia Statistics on COVID-19 This Week

Some good news for Virginia. State of Virginia number of cases.  

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Coronavirus

Mortality Statistics of Covid-19

The reported mortality rate has varied across the world.  China’s mortality is about 2-4% depending on the region.  Iran is thought to be underreporting its mortality but even then data suggested 7-8% mortality.  Italy had the highest mortality of 8-9% thought partiality related to the age of the population.  Italy’s demographics is heavily weighted toward…

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Symptoms of COVID-19

Symptoms of COVID-19

The most common presenting symptoms of COVID-19 illness are fever, dry cough, shortness of breath and other common viral symptoms such as sore throat. The fever is very common, occurring in 88% of patients. But a small number of patients don’t present with fever and health professionals need to be aware of that.  About 65%…

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Hydroxychloroquine

Hydroxychloroquine ( To be or not to be )

In 2005, a study sponsored by CDC in U.S. showed that Chloroquine could neutralize SARS virus in cells that were infected with that virus in the laboratory ( that is called an in-vitro study). In January of 2020, a group of Chinese investigators looking to replicate those results in SARS-Cov-2 published an article looking at…

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Testing for COVID-19

The initial cases of COVID-19

By December 31, 2019, the cases of pneumonia from this mysterious virus had grown to 27.  And by January 11, 2020, the number was revised to 41.  All along it was speculated that the origin of the virus was the seafood market in spite of no clear cut evidence.  There was no consideration of a…

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Human Coronavirus

What are Human Coronaviruses

Human Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s and because of a crown like spike protein on their surface, they acquired the Latin name corona meaning crown.   Based on shape of proteins on the surface, these viruses are sub grouped into alpha, beta, gamma and delta coronavirus.   The first two groups alpha and beta…

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